EUROSTAT:In 2019, CO2 emissions from energy use in the EU estimated to have decreased
Eurostat estimates that in 2019, the year before COVID-19 containment measures were widely introduced by EU
Member States, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuel combustion (mainly oil and oil products, coal, peat
and natural gas) significantly decreased by 4.3% in the European Union of 27 Member States (EU), compared
with the previous year. CO2 emissions are a major contributor to global warming and account for some 80% of all
man-made EU greenhouse gas emissions. They are influenced by factors such as climate condition s (e.g. cold /
long winter or hot summer), economic growth, size of the population, transport and industrial activities.
CO2 emissions from fossil fuels are generated in the country where the fuels are burned for purposes such as
electricity generation, transport, steel production etc. Consequently, imports and exports of energy products have
an impact: for example if coal is imported for electricity generation this leads to an increase in emissions in the
importing country, while if electricity as such is imported, it has no effect on emissions in the importing country , as
these emissions would be reported in the exporting country where the electricity has been produced.